Speckled Warbler

Pyrrholaemus sagittatus

Small (65mm), predominantly ground-dwelling, thornbill-like warbler. It is grey above, speckled with blackish streaks on the back and whitish streaks on the crown, and creamish to white below, with numerous darker streaks, forming longitudinal lines on the breast, belly and flanks. The rump is yellowish (generally more visible in flight) and the tail feathers are tipped with white. The female has a reddish-brown marking above the eye, while the male’s is black. The colouration and markings provide it with excellent camouflage while it feeds on the ground, and it generally freezes if danger is detected before flying to the shelter of a nearby shrub or tree. It’s camouflage also assists with camouflage while at rest and it is generally detected by its musical song before it is seen. It ranges from southern and eastern Qld, through central and eastern NSW to western Vic.