The most colourful Australian grassfinch, and among the most strikingly coloured of all of Australia’s endemic bird species. Patchily distributed, but locally common in northern Australia from around Derby in tropical WA to Cape York Peninsula. Body colour is bright green on the back, yellow on the belly and purple on the breast, with adult males brighter than females. Face colour varies, black in most individuals, but can often be red and, rarely, yellowish. As with most grassfinches the call is soft (almost inaudible), with the birds normally seen before they are heard. Loss of suitable habitat, open grasslands with scattered trees for nesting and the fringes of dense thickets and mangroves, due to clearing for farming and from intense bushfires, has contributed to the species’ decline.