This small (16 to 18 cm) wader is a breeding resident in Australia. When observed it is easily identified by its white underparts and distinct black Y-shaped band which extends across the chest, around to the base of the neck and through the eye to the forehead (this may be absent in younger birds). Its bill is orange-red, tipped with black, and it has a conspicuous orange ring around the eye. The Black-fronted Dotterel is common throughout the Australian mainland and Tasmania. It inhabits the margins of lakes, swamps and dams, where it feeds on insects, crustaceans and some seeds. Usually in pairs or small groups, it is an active feeder, but its cryptic mottled brown and black upperparts provide excellent camouflage when nesting or at rest.
Scientific name: Elseyornis melanops