All six species of this family found in Australia are endemic. The White-throated Treecreeper Cormobates leucophaea is common along the east coast. The Brown Treecreeper Climacteris. picumnus, Black-tailed Treecreeper C. melanurus and Rufous Treecreeper C. rufus replace each other around the country, as do the Red-browed Treecreeper C. erythrops and White-browed Treecreeper C. affinis. They all have a long, decurved beak for prying in crevices and under the bark of trees. The only other species in this family occurs in New Guinea.

Brown Treecreeper

Climacteris picumnus Of the seven treecreepers found in the world, six are found in Australia (the seventh is found in New Guinea). The Brown Treecreeper, found in the drier open forests and woodlands throughout eastern Australia, is a common and familiar bird. Its call, a loud ‘spink’, uttered either singly or in a series, generally betrays its presence before the bird is observed. The Brown Tre...

Rufous Treecreeper

Climacteris rufus The Rufous Treecreeper is easily recognised by its rufous-brown face and underparts, brown back, wings and crown, and typical treecreeper behaviour of climbing up the trunks of trees, along branches or on the ground, prying under loose bark and leaf litter for insects and other invertebrates. The male is distinguished from the female by the dark streaks on his breast, the female...