Echidnas

Tachyglossidae

Echidnas are Monotremes. Monotremes are peculiar among the mammals. They have all of the mammal characteristics: are warm-blooded, have hair and they produce milk to suckle their young but, unlike any other mammal, they lay soft-shelled eggs from which their young hatch. Australia is home to the world’s only only short-beaked species of echidna. The three species of long-beaked echidnas are now considered to be restricted to New Guinea since the Western Long-beaked Echidna Zaglossus bruijnii was declared extinct in Australia, with the last Australian specimen collected in 1901.

Short-beaked Echidna

Short-beaked Echidna

Tachyglossus aculeatus 300-450 mm TL (Spiny Anteater) What does it look like? Pale brown to blackish fur above and below, which varies in length depending on range, and numerous protective spines on upper body, from back of neck to tail. Snout long and cylindrical, covered with sensitive skin, with nostrils and small mouth at tip. Where is it found? Australia-wide, including major...