Common Brown Snake

Pseudonaja textilis TL 1.8m

(Eastern Brown Snake)

What does it look like?  DANGEROUSLY VENOMOUS. Adults typically pale to dark brown and unpatterned, darker forms may have paler head. Underparts yellowish-cream or pinkish-orange, blotched with brown or grey. Eyes typically orange with dark surround and distinct brow. Juveniles have black head and black nape; occasionally banded on body.

Where is it found?  Eastern Australia, from central and eastern NT, Qld (except Cape York Peninsula), to NSW, Vic and eastern SA. Central NT populations seem isolated from main distribution range.

What are its habitats & habits? Found in dry, open habitats, including woodland, scrubland, grassland and adjacent semi-urban areas, often in vicinity of water. Shelters under logs, rocks and sheets of iron, and in crevices, emerging to hunt during the day and warm nights on wide variety of vertebrates, including lizards, frogs, birds, small mammals and other snakes. Oviparous, laying up to 25 eggs in deep cracks in soil or disused animal burrows, with several clutches laid in a season when conditions are favourable. Usual threat display includes flattening of neck, then raising head and anterior part of body off the ground in ‘S’-shape.